The birth of the railways can be attributed for the need of moving coal from place to place. As many new ideas do, the railway faced opposition. Robert Stevenson constructed the first line, the Stockton to Darlington railway, in September 1825, mainly to carry coal from the Durham coalfields. A national railway network developed rapidly and reached it's height by the mid 1850s.

Newport Pagnell had always been an important stop for travellers throughout history, having the Grand Union canal and the stage coaching inns. In 1845 Robert Stevenson surveyed a railway route from Bletchley to Newport Pagnell and on thorough Olney to Wellingborough but due to lack of support the idea was abandoned.

Near-by Wolverton on the other hand, gained more and more importance as it was used as an engine changing point and later had workshops to build and repair them and the trains they hauled.

Local businessman realised the railway would save them costs on transportation of goods. In this connection, an Act was submitted before parliament to develop a railway between Wolverton and Newport Pagnell. In June of 1863, Royal Assent was given and work began. The line opened to goods traffic in 1866 and a year later for passengers. Before the completion of this line, expansion plans to take the railway to Olney were approved and work started. The plan foundered however and in 1865 was abandoned before completion. Some years later, work on this line restarted but again collapsed. The Wolverton to Newport Pagnell section was absorbed into the London and North Western Railway Company, under which it flourished.

In the mid 1960s as a result of Dr. Beeching's report many "unprofitable" railway lines were closed, sadly including that between Wolverton and Newport Pagnell.