|POLITICAL WARFARE EXECUTIVE|
After much discussion in the Cabinet and often bitter argument in the Commons, Churchill initialled a new agreement about the arrangements for propaganda warfare in August 1941. This provided for regular meetings between Eden, the Foreign Secretary, Dalton, the Minister of Economic Warfare and Bracken, the Minister of Information, a position he had acquired in July1941. Under the chairmanship of Robert Bruce Lockhart - a Foreign Office appointment - an operational committee would be set up and at the end of August, 1941, the three ministers so agreed to act as a trinity.
The Executive Committee
|At the formation of P.W.E Robert Bruce Lockhart became chairman of the operational committee|
|Dallas Brooks, the head of the military wing. Accommodated initially at 2, Fitzmaurice Place, off Berkeley Square, the latter would hold responsibility for liaison with the Chiefs of Staff, Joint Intelligence Committee and the services in general and he maintained this position throughout most of the war. Undoubtably competent, Bracken nevertheless held the opinion that 'he's too slick, that fellow.'
Arriving at a name
|Woburn Abbey, showing the Riding School. Woughton on the Green rectory and Walton rectory had both been considered for the staff.|
|secrecy, the day after approval, the formation of the organisation was announced to the Commons. On 9th. October, 1941, Hansard carried the report that 'Broadcasting to enemy countries and occupied territories is controlled by the Political Warfare Executive which has displaced the former miscellaneous agency.' The name had been the invention of one of the members, David Bowes Lyon, brother in law of King George VI, who offered the accepted title of the Political Warfare Executive, in preference to the Political Warfare Organisation. Very soon the nickname became Pee Wee for the organisation and the Peawits for the officials.
The Queen's brother
|Protecting the secrecy
By the very nature of the work little could be made generally known about the organisation and indeed from autumn, 1941, P.W.E. assumed the title P.I.D. as a cover, employing P.I.D., notepaper and advising the address as P.I.D. of the Foreign Office, 2, Fitzmaurice Place, W1. Having close links with the intelligence service, Leonard Ingrams, as an Under Secretary at the Ministry of Economic Warfare, became that department's principal liaison officer with P.W.E., and David Stephens fulfilled the role as Secretary to the Executive.
The Chairman settles in
|The Locarno Room at the Foreign Office. Here Robert Bruce Lockhart established himself on becoming chairman of P.W.E.|
|allowance and £3750 p.a., whilst Lockhart, as chairman, had to find his own rent, had no car or entertainment allowance and a salary of £2000 p.a. The fact that Leeper sent his Rolls Royce four miles every day to fetch milk, may well have added to the bias and perhaps caused consternation to P.W.E.'s Director of Finance, Mr. Walter Stewart-Roberts.|
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